Wednesday, May 1, 2019

Episode 45: Wet Your Whistle Transcript

Click on “Read More” for the full transcript.

We used Temi to auto transcribe this, then Dan went through and checked it based on the show notes. He tried really hard on it, but this kind of stuff isn't his specialty. So if you notice anything confusing, please comment on this post so Dan can look at it and clarify anything.

Shauna:                               00:00                    Welcome to bunny trails, a whimsical adventure of idioms and other turns of phrase. I'm Shauna Harrison
Dan:                                     00:06                    and I'm Dan Pugh. Each week we delve into the origin and history of an idiom or other turn of phrase and discuss how it's been used over time. This often takes us down some fun and interesting research rabbit holes. Last week we talked about whetting your appetite with whet being spelled W. H. E. T. This week we're going to talk about wetting your whistle with wet, spelled W. E. T. Now these two phrases sound like the same root, but in fact they have different etymologies and the phrases are about 250 years apart.
Shauna:                               00:37                    That's a long time really.
Dan:                                     00:39                    I mean geologically it's really short. Language wise, it's really not even that long. All things considered, but it is as old as the United States, which means, you know, we act like teenagers so you know its teenage years I guess and stuff.
Shauna:                               00:55                    I mean though, I'm just thinking like from generation to generation, it's not like the two things originated with the same even set of people, you know?
Dan:                                     01:04                    Yeah. Especially if their lifespans weren't super long, although, although they lived a lot longer, as in the group of people that lived long time lived longer... The averages are thrown off by the amount of people who died at childbirth. All right, so from the Oxford English dictionary wet your whistle is "To take a drink."
Dan:                                     01:25                    Usually this drink is alcoholic, but not always. The phrase "to wet ones" something has also been used with weasand, mouth, beak and beard, all with the same meeting.
Shauna:                               01:35                    I'm sorry. Weasand?
Dan:                                     01:37                    Yeah, we'll come back to that.
Shauna:                               01:38                    Okay. Ah, the anticipation!
Dan:                                     01:42                    I'm whetting your appetite about wetting your whistle!
Shauna:                               01:46                    Ah, Clever.
Dan:                                     01:47                    While whet, W H E T whet came to us from the old Norse and Germanic roots, meaning to sharpen, wet W E T wet comes to us through a different old Norse word as well as old English roots all meaning "moist or liquid". One comes from "to sharpen" the other comes from "to moisten". And that holds true for W E T wet today as the Oxford English dictionary says "to make an object humid or moist by the application of water or other liquid."
Dan:                                     02:18                    I want to apologize now. Uh, we're going to say the word moist a couple of times. And I know for some people that's like... that's one of my favorite words, but it's some people's least favorite word.
Shauna:                               02:28                    I think I am ambivalent about the word moist.
Dan:                                     02:32                    You know what my least favorite word is? It sounds very much like moist. "Musk". Ugh
Shauna:                               02:40                    He's having visceral reactions to the word musk.
Dan:                                     02:44                    I actually... stop it. It, oh, you know, it's not even so much that somebody else says it. It's when I have to say it.
Shauna:                               02:50                    I see. Oh, that's funny because, um, I think that's how I feel about moist. Like it's not generally a word that bothers me except when it's referring to certain things and I don't know. I don't know.
Dan:                                     03:01                    All right, so "weasand" that's an old word for the throat. Sometimes it referred to the Esophagus, like the food and drink pipe or sometimes it meant the trachea, the breathing pipe or sometimes a whole area, you know, your gullet. So the other's mouth, beak, and beard, all associated with the area where you drink. And that is where whistle comes in. The OED defines whistle as "a jocular name for the mouth or throat as used in speaking or singing."
Dan:                                     03:28                    When we are talking about whistle, obviously it means other things too. But one of the things that whistle means is it's a, it's just a jocular name for the mouth or throat because it's associated with singing
Shauna:                               03:40                    So, like the mouth means the voice or something
Dan:                                     03:41                    Yes. Yeah. Right. And so all of these things, whistle, weasand, mouth, beak, beard, all are associated with that area where we sing or speak, but also where we drink. The first time we see this in print is most likely Chaucer's The Reeves Tale, "So was her jolly whistle while wet."
Dan:                                     04:00                    And this was written around the late 13 hundreds. We think about 1386 for many of Chaucer's works. We also see it again in the 14 hundreds in the Towneley Plays. I saw several places where this was cited as the first time it was a tested as well. Uh, dating middle English works is hard and so there is, there could be some truth to one being before the other. Uh, although this does seem to indicate there's like a, you know, 60 year gap, but a, in the Townely Plays, they wrote, "had she once wet her whistle, she could sing full clear."
Shauna:                               04:36                    Now, I mean it's still obviously the same things. They're like her jolly whistle well wet and once wet her whistle she could sing full clear. So it's saying the same things exactly there.
Dan:                                     04:46                    Right. I'm going to need your assistance here on these next two cause there's some French, uh, words or at least, well, you'll see. So at 1530, John Palsgrave wrote a textbook called...
Shauna:                               05:00                    Lesclarcissement de la langue francoyse. Maybe.
Dan:                                     05:02                    Well anyway, it's an English book despite his French title and it was a textbook. It was meant to help English speakers learn French.
Shauna:                               05:09                    Okay, so this is a middle English spelling of Francois. Sorry about that. So that last where it should have been Francois.
Dan:                                     05:15                    Yeah. There you go. "I wet my whistle as good drinkers do"
Dan:                                     05:19                    And then he uses a French phrase. I'll let you say it...
Shauna:                               05:21                    "Je crocque la pie."
Dan:                                     05:23                    We also see it in the 17 hundreds and 1722 as they translated Aesop's fables and said, "I'll give you a dram to wet your whistle."
Dan:                                     05:31                    A dram being a unit of measurement.
Shauna:                               05:33                    Yeah it's not really that much.
Dan:                                     05:34                    Nope. It said it's a tiny amount. It's a medicinal.
Shauna:                               05:37                    It's kinda like a shot.
Dan:                                     05:37                    Well, it's less than that, so it's a, it's a medicinal thing. It's meant for medicinal purposes when you're using a dram. So in the Wilmington and Delaware advertiser in the August 10th, 1826 issue, this is out of Wilmington, Delaware. "Mr. Stanley, the antagonist of Cabbot for parliamentary honors at Preston England is said to him, spent during the canvass, 1000 pounds sterling per day in distributing drink, banners, and favors. -Franklin, would call this pain. Not only 'too much for his whistle', but a great deal too much to 'wet the whistle' of others. "
Shauna:                               06:13                    I mean, a thousand pounds sterling per day?
Dan:                                     06:16                    That does seem like a lot. That's a lot now I guess. Really, I don't know. I guess it depends on who you're, who's whistles your wetting here. And I also couldn't figure out who Franklin was because it was theirs. So it might've been described in the one sentence that got cut off just before I started. But the, um, the micro film that this was used from was slightly damaged and so there was a little bit of damage to the top and I just couldn't read what that was. So not sure who Franklin was. It could be Benjamin Franklin, but who knows? I don't know
Shauna:                               06:43                    Wouldn't that be intriguing.
Dan:                                     06:45                    Right? It would not be if it was Benjamin Franklin, it would not be him actually saying that about this specific thing. It would be them quoting him, saying, you know, whatever. Like he would call this, not that he did call this. So that's why I think they were talking about Benjamin Franklin because he would have said is what they meant.
Dan:                                     07:05                    So in 1849, Charles Dickens, uh, in his novel, David Copperfield said "The wine shall be kept to wet your whistle".
Dan:                                     07:12                    So we continue to see this used, uh, starting in the 13 hundreds and now even into the 18, the mid 18 hundreds where we're still talking about the same concept. We are wetting a whistle to have a drink basically to, and in most cases we're talking alcohol here. I found a very alliteratively pleasing a article. I'm not gonna read all of it, but it is a three chapter book. Each chapter is about one paragraph and it was printed in the Bourbon News on June 18th, 1897. And this was out of Paris, Paris, Kentucky. This is in chapter two where it says "Working wits, Wilford Watson went womanwards with whiskey. Winnie Wessel, wayworn wheelwoman, was wheezing. Watson winked wickedly. Worldly widow with wilted weeds, wearily wet whistle with welcome whiskey."
Shauna:                               08:06                    My goodness...
Dan:                                     08:06                    This, this entire, uh, three, three paragraphs is all words that start with W. This was, uh, from a very, very, very short story called Wilford Watson's Wooing.
Shauna:                               08:18                    I like it.
Dan:                                     08:18                    And literally everything in it starts with a W. It's a very interesting, so in 1919, How are you going to wet your whistle was a song, uh, and the, the song was called, "How are you going to wet your whistle when the whole darn world goes dry?" 1919, of course was the start of prohibition in the United States. Uh, and this was a song written by Francis Byrne, Frank McIntyre, and Percy Wenrich, or maybe (Ven-rick) depending on what his ancestry was, but the, uh, I'm going to post a picture of the cover art of this, of the sheet music that a, I got the image from the Lester S Levy sheet music collection. So I will try and link to that and a and have this option there for everyone to look at. But uh, it is a very, it's a very good piece of art I think. And I think it really captures the concept of the time.
Shauna:                               09:06                    Yeah. As far as like political commentary in the form of cartoon.
Dan:                                     09:11                    Of sheet music. This is cartoon sheet music. This is just the cover of that.
Shauna:                               09:17                    Okay. So is that like a whole different paradigm that we just aren't exposed to any more? Is the impact of sheet music on society?
Dan:                                     09:27                    Uh, yeah. Likely. I think there was only, there was only a small window where we went from putting sheet music out that would have been publicly available to having it in a format that would be considered the modern era as a relatively short amount of time that those, that, those two things happened. But, uh, we see this in the early 19 hundreds, uh, especially in the United States. Uh, and I say it, especially the United States because that's where I see it the most, but there is a, an amazing set of opportunities to, to really push things through in music that would be readily available. John Philip Sousa as a great example, uh, the music of Irving Berlin and Cole Porter, right, of the Gershwins. Like these are all amazing opportunities to push forth ideas in a timeframe when that would be the best way to get your ideas across to another group of people.
Shauna:                               10:21                    Yeah, absolutely. I mean, Showbiz I guess has always kind of been the place where, uh, where some of that was pushed out early on. Yeah.
Dan:                                     10:28                    Now we're back to whet your whistle. W.H.E.T and I mentioned this last week, so I want to mention it again real quick. Just in case you haven't caught last week's episode or it's you know, been a week since you listened. So as I mentioned last week, there've been examples in the word wet w h e t being used in conjunction with the phrase wet your whistle. And this is as far back as the late 16 hundreds. The example I gave was Thomas Flatmans work Belly God, where he wrote "first whet thy whistle with some good Methelgin"
Dan:                                     10:56                    And methelgin as we said last week as a spiced mead that's usually associated with the country of Wales. Uh, but again these are just inappropriate uses of wet w e t as part of the phrase
Shauna:                               11:06                    They're just doing it wrong.
Dan:                                     11:08                    Exactly.
Shauna:                               11:09                    Today's show is sponsored by our patrons on Patreon. You make bunny trails possible. We'd like to thank all of our patrons and especially our lagomorphology interns, Charlie Moore, Pat Rowe and Mary Halsig. is a subscription service that allows you to support content creators you love. It's free to sign up and follow along. If you are in a financial situation that allows for monetary support, you can get additional perks for as little as $1 a month. Features like early access to episodes, behind the scenes content, bonus episodes, and more are all available at
Dan:                                     11:49                    There are beer glasses that you can purchase that have a whistle built into them. And this ties into the false stories that wet my whistle originated with wetting meaning drinking and whistle, meaning the action done to get the attention of the bartender. So when this phrase was coined, if you wanted another drink, you just went to the bar and got one. Uh, if you happen to be in an upscale enough place where somebody might be waiting on your Beck and call, you would not have whistled add them. They would come to you otherwise.
Shauna:                               12:18                    Right.
Dan:                                     12:19                    Uh, so, so there are some stories that even say that there was a whistle in beer mugs and you just blew the whistle when you were out and boom, someone would bring you another one. So here's the thing, I spent a summer bartending. Shauna, I know you spent more time in the service industry than I did as a wait... as wait staff.
Dan:                                     12:36                    All right. So imagine a drunkard whistling every time they wanted another beer by blowing on their... uh, their beer mug. How long would that last?
Shauna:                               12:47                    One whistle <laughter>
Dan:                                     12:50                    One whistle before that whistle has found its way into someone's nose or other orifice I would think.
Shauna:                               12:57                    Yeah, definitely. I mean, I served people their coffee, I'm not sure which, uh, which one is people demand more coffee or in the morning or beer in the evening?
Dan:                                     13:09                    Sure. I would, I would, uh... Wait staff in general already get the brunt of some of that as a, in a service industry, but then female wait staff, uh, even more so and uh, and as a bartender I was behind the counter, so I would, I would occasionally come out and help out and bar back or something like that. But normally I just stayed behind the counter and I didn't have to deal with most of that stuff and I could just cut people off. Like, I don't know how you cut them off for coffee. Yeah. Sorry. You've had too much. Your hands are all shaking.
Shauna:                               13:37                    No, ours was totally like the limitless coffee too, it was like the endless cup of coffee.
Dan:                                     13:42                    You get that, you get the old guys that show up at like the, you know, the, well, it depends on where you are. It could be the local Walmart or it could be the, if they have a coffee place or it could be the local Mcdonald's or it could be the, uh, you know, just a local cafe coffee shop if you're in a small town. Yeah. You had that kind.
Shauna:                               13:59                    Ah, yeah. Oh Gosh. The first place I worked, I'd kind of forgotten about that. That one actually, my, the very first service job I had, uh, was a small town cafe. And that's exactly what it was, was, you know, just people who've lived in that, in that area for decades. And, um, I remember one time, uh, this, this old gentleman pulled me onto his lap and I was like, that will not happened again.
Dan:                                     14:25                    It makes me shudder to think about,
Shauna:                               14:28                    ]yeah, it was uncomfortable
Dan:                                     14:30                    Listen, you can't touch people without their permission no matter what. No, no ands, ifs or buts, that's it.
Shauna:                               14:35                    You learned some really adaptive social skills pretty quickly in those circumstances.
Dan:                                     14:41                    Sucks that you have to.
Shauna:                               14:41                    Thankfully things are not quite that quite like that anymore.
Dan:                                     14:44                    All right, well, uh, so let's, let's talk about food shops. I saw a variety of wet my whistle food places, that was the name of them, including everything from health, food stores to restaurants. Most of them had closed. So, uh, but I did see such a variety of them while I was searching for a different, uh, you know, ways it's used today that, uh, I thought I might mention that.
Dan:                                     15:05                    I also want to mention the 1983 song Wet my Whistle by Midnight Star, it's an R&B song. Some of the lyrics include wet my whistle, wet my whistle, wet my whistle. Just like sweet wine baby. Your loves intoxicating. Why'd I have to waste it, it was much too good to waste it.
Shauna:                               15:28                    Okay. The lesson, I love R&B.
Dan:                                     15:30                    Yeah.
Shauna:                               15:31                    And Dan's a reading of R&B gives it a very unique, a country feel.
Dan:                                     15:39                    No, no, no, no. I mean maybe that wasn't my intention. My intention is to impress upon you how truly awful this particular song is.
Shauna:                               15:48                    Those are some clever lyrics, man <Shauna says, quite sarcastically>
Dan:                                     15:49                    No, the rest of the song lyrics are just repeating the same words, including a variety of oh babies. Oh babies.
Shauna:                               15:55                    Oh, you didn't mention before.
Dan:                                     15:56                    No, I didn't because, well all I want to do is I'm just proving that songs with only a few words of happened long before the likes of Justin Bieber or Taylor swift or even born. So, uh, anytime a baby boomer, all offense to, to baby boomers at this point, anytime a baby boomer wants to be like "that kid" "back in my day we wrote better"
Dan:                                     16:18                    No you didn't. You didn't. Sorry. I mean there are just the good songs back then as there are good songs now and the things that were popular then were except for the tiny window in which you were a teenager and a young adult. You like the popular things and then after that you didn't like the new stuff, the new fangled things that came after that. So let's just be honest, we have, it's just cyclical and everybody has some occasions where some songs are really bad. Justin Bieber has a variety of good songs as well as just Taylor S wift.
Shauna:                               16:47                    That's true. Okay, so you go back to like the temptations in any of those. Come on. You weren't repeating some lyrics then?
Dan:                                     16:54                    Well it's not a matter of repeating lyrics, it's about repeating the same six words for the whole song. Anyway, we've digressed for this little rant. In 2007 wet your whistle, a drinking water activity book was released by Susan E Gertz and this is what this is the synopsis of it. "Whether you breathe it in, smear it on, drink it down or wash it off. Stuff in your environment can make you sick or help you thrive. So strive to thrive TM" That's a trademark thing "by learning more about the water you drink. What will you discover in this book? Don't like water. Find Water. You'll enjoy it with a water taste test. Paying for more... Paying more for a famous name. Find out what's really inside that bottle. Do you know the water that can go from Yuck to yum? Learn how to purify dirty water and so much more highly recommended by NSTA recommends consumer's guide to afterschool science resources and Midwest Book Review and winner of the National Health Information Gold Award for health promotion disease and injury prevention and Teacher's choice award for the family."
Shauna:                               17:56                    This is designed to be something that teachers can hand out to their kids or you could order and handout, you know, as part of a health promotion strategy or something. But it's a, it's an activity book that helps kids learn about appropriate, you know, drinking water. It's a drink of water activity books, so, Huh, okay.
Shauna:                               18:13                    I was fairly quiet during that because this was feeding into the weird thing I have about like germs that I don't like generally. I just don't think about it, but thinking about what's actually in my water is not a thing I want to do.
Dan:                                     18:28                    All right. That's fair for the most part. If if you want that, I will just tell you this.
Shauna:                               18:32                    Maybe I do. I'd probably obsessed.
Dan:                                     18:35                    Tap Water is almost always safer than bottled water because tap water gets tested so much at such a higher level than bottled water ever does. So if you want to make, if you're worried about germs, then tap water's better than bottled water.
Shauna:                               18:50                    Okay.
Dan:                                     18:50                    And you can @bunnytrailspod at me if you want to disagree and argue about it. I'm not going to argue back with you. I'm just going to send you sources. That's all right. So let's, uh, let's start getting down to the, to the nitty gritty here in the wrap up here. So 2010 there was a book called wet your whistle by Devin roads. I'm not going to read the synopsis. I'll just read the reader advisory that came in, in, in front of the synopsis and that should about cover it.
Shauna:                               19:14                    Okay.
Dan:                                     19:15                    This contains scenes of male on male intimacy and male, male, female menage, and super hot male female sex with a Cyborg.
Shauna:                               19:24                    Huh. Okay.
Dan:                                     19:27                    Again, again, the romance or erotica written stuff is not really my thing, but I kind of want to check this out now as well as the next one. Which is from 2016 Tales To Wet Your Whistles: Five Erotica Stories by D.P. Backhaus. I literally cannot read the synopsis to you because it contains a multitude of curse words and sexual innuendo actually , no innuendo, just full sexual commentary.
Shauna:                               19:58                    Full edno.
Dan:                                     19:58                    Yeah. Full endo. There you go. But, uh, we might read it as a not safe for work mini episode for our patrons. So if you're interested, go to if you're interested in such a thing.
Dan:                                     20:10                    All right, so it's obvious that wet your whistle has some sexual connotations that I hadn't run across in the rest of my research. And so I checked in with our friends at turns out they're actually not aware of it either. So it looks like written erotica has cornered the market on this particular way to use our idiom.
Shauna:                               20:30                    Ah, good for you.
Dan:                                     20:32                    Yeah, it's awesome. I, you know what, happy to happy you got to safe space to be able to tell your stories. That is amazing.
Shauna:                               20:40                    That's right.
Dan:                                     20:40                    Again, much like whetting our appetite, wetting our whistle provided an opportunity to see a few other opportunities where uh, basically these are extensions of getting drunk but with a purpose. So to wet ones, clay or sometime moistens one clay just means "to drink". So in 1708 in the British Apollo and they said "we were moistening our clay" in this case they were, they were drinking and it's oftentimes in a humorous way.
Dan:                                     21:05                    Okay, in 1731 Henry Fielding in The Letter Writers, Or A New Way To Keep A Wife At Home, A Farce By Scriblerus Secundus... One of the characters said, "How should he return to Dust who daily, wets his clay?
Dan:                                     21:21                    Which listen, I guess if that's going to work, if like your daily wetting, your clay, you're never going to turn back to dust. Well then hey, secret to life right there, I guess George Burns would've said that he lived to like a 99 or 100 smoked and drank every day.
Shauna:                               21:35                    Like, I'm not sure what it is about this, but the combination of moist and clay is weird me out, like all the rest of the things. But moist ones Clay just seems
Dan:                                     21:44                    No moistened...
Shauna:                               21:46                    Moistened
Dan:                                     21:47                    Moistened... We're gonna have to stop this because the people who are really like can't handle that word. I just heard it numerous times.
Shauna:                               21:56                    They're just not gonna listen to this episode.
Dan:                                     21:57                    Right. All right, so to wet a commission means to celebrate a promotion usually used in army or navy terms. So somewhere around 1687 the Duke of Buckingham wrote, "he was drunk as a chaplain of the army upon wetting his commission" also again in 1710 Charles Shadwell in the Fair Quaker of Deal, Or The Humours Of The Navy, a Comedy wrote "Aye, the two ships would serve us nicely. Easey. Then we should have commissions to wet."
Shauna:                               22:26                    Is that kind of like when you break the champagne bottle on the side of the ship?
Dan:                                     22:29                    No.
Shauna:                               22:30                    What's that called... Christening.
Dan:                                     22:33                    Yup, two completely different concepts,
Shauna:                               22:34                    But when you christen a baby, is that a christening too?
Dan:                                     22:37                    I don't know. I mean that's baptism I think is what you're going for, but just hold that thought.
Shauna:                               22:44                    Okay.
Dan:                                     22:45                    To wet the baby's head and variants is to drink,
Shauna:                               22:50                    YES!!!
Dan:                                     22:50                    is a drink to celebrate the birth of a child as a colloquial phrase
Shauna:                               22:55                    That's a little bit different than just sprinkling stuff... <laughter>
Dan:                                     22:59                    So in 1881 William Westhall in Old Factory wrote, " ‘We'll wet little Mabel's head with some of it.’ ‘What mean you?’.. ‘Why my wife was brought to bed last night of a little lass as we are going to call Mabel, and I'd like us to drink her health. That's what we call wetting a child's head in these parts.’ "
Dan:                                     23:20                    All right. One other one I want to point out is to wet the other eye. This means to drink one glass after another. So just binge drinking really is what we'd call that today. In 1745 and the life and adventures of... <laugther> This guy's name... Bampfylde-Moore Carew
Shauna:                               23:38                    I'm sorry, I really need you to repeat that.
Dan:                                     23:40                    1745 in the Life and Adventures of Bampfylde-Moore Carew <laughter>
Dan:                                     23:47                    It was written, "The officer's filed him out a bumper of cherry brandy, which when he had drank, they forced upon him another persuading him to wet the other eye."
Shauna:                               23:59                    I can't even, I'm not even sure what this is referring to, but I feel like it's, you know, kind of, you can see like, you know how some people kind of squint or they close one eye and they're kind of...
Dan:                                     24:10                    I don't think it has anything to do with that.
Shauna:                               24:12                    ...Side-eyeing you. It's like when, you... no?
Dan:                                     24:14                    I don't, I don't, well it could. Here's the thing, it's best not to think too hard about it.
Dan:                                     24:18                    Okay, so 1841 Charles Dickens wrote in Old Curiosity Shop, "moisten your clay. Wet the other eye. Drink, man!"
Shauna:                               24:28                    I mean like he's basically just saying...
Dan:                                     24:31                    He's just saying go for it.
Shauna:                               24:32                    Here's all the wine.
Dan:                                     24:34                    That about wraps us up for today. I'd like to say a big thank you to those of you who posted reviews for the show. It is the easiest way to support your favorite podcast and best of all, it's free. You can do it for our show. You can do it for other shows that you love, but go and whatever app you have, write a review for the show, give it your five stars. Or if you think it's only worth two stars then maybe actually don't give it a review. If you have a suggestion for an idiom or another turn of phrase or just want to chat, you can catch us on Twitter and Instagram and occasionally even Facebook all @bunnytrailspod or you can get links to everything we do at
Shauna:                               25:10                    This is our 45th episode and we are coming up on that big milestone so we need your help. If there is a turn of phrase that means something really important to you or your family, we want to hear about it, you can reach out to us on social media or email us at
Dan:                                     25:30                    and special thanks to those of you who have already done it.
Shauna:                               25:33                    We'd really love to hear about your favorite phrase and why you love it. The deadline to send your stuff to us is Sunday, May 26th you can have it written down or send us an audio file or send us a message and we'll reach back out to you. Most of all, we want to know what turns of phrase are important to you and why. So let us know. Thanks again for joining us. We'll talk to you again next week. And until then, remember,
Together:                           25:57                    words belong to their users.

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